Autism History at a Glance
By Susi Irawati
Based on some literature of autism history, autism is a radical developmental disorder which translates into a limited or disturbed development of language and communication, the ability of social interaction and restricted and repetitive behavior stereotype. People with autism often exhibit a number of other, fewer specific problems such as hypersensitivity to sensory input, phobic anxiety, sleep disturbances, tantrums and self harm.
Autism etymology in autism history is remaining unknown, but has a clear genetic component. For families who already have an autistic child can be the probability that the next child will also be autistic be up to 5 %, from about 0.6 % of the population in general. For diagnosis of autism can be treated (read more in autism history), the symptoms have appeared before the child reaches the three years old. Based on autism history, approximately three out of four children with autism are boys. Between two thirds and three quarters of people with autism are mentally retarded. Diagnosis is based on the number of psychiatric criteria. Some believe that autism is not a disease but an umbrella diagnosis of multiple modes (read more in autism history).
According to the autism history, the word Autism derived from the Greek word autos which means “self “(as in ” myself “). It was used by Eugene Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist in 1912 to describe the schizophrenic difficulties in contacting other people.
The autism medical classification in autism history came first in the mid- 20th century as a psychiatrist named Dr. Leo Kanner from Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore in 1943 described the 11 child patients with striking similarities in behavior, and introduced the concept early infantile autism. The term incidental to the fact that the children did not seem interested in other people. Almost all the features Kanner described as typical of autism spectrum disorders.
Around the same time as Kanner did, an Austrian scientist Dr. Hans Asperger had similar observations as recorded in the autism history. The recognition of Asperger’s work of autism history was, however, postponed due to 2nd World in Germany and most of his work was first read in the wider community after 1997. In recognition of his efforts of autism history used Asperger name today to describe a particular form of “high -functioning” autism, known as Asperger Syndrome.
Also in autism history, it was the English psychiatrist ( and mother of a girl with autism ) Lorna Wing as in 1979 introduced the idea of ” triad of psychological disorders ” that are currently used to diagnose autism: Disturbed social interaction, impaired communication and repetitive, stereotyped behavior. Wing also launched the term for autism history” autistic spectrum “to describe the fact that the triad of psychological disorders are found in humans as in other respects extremely different, especially with regard to intelligence.